Site Contents

Gemstone Crystal System Density Hardness Refractive index Treatments
organic 1.08 2.0-2.5 1.54 heating, oiling, reconstitution



Light yellow, green, dark reddish orange, and many variations of these as well.

Clarity: Transparent to opaque
Optic Character:
SR, stong ADR, often with strain colors
Cause of Color: Delocalized electrons on organic molecules and impurities, blues and greens due to stron fluorescence
Fluorescence: Inert to Strong
Fracture : Concoidal

Luster : Waxy to resinous
Cleavage :
Durability: Poor

Characteristics for Identification:
Gas bubbles, Insects, Flow lines, organic matter

A bundant along the shores of the Baltic Sea where it is mined extensively from TERTIARY glauconite sands that are from 40 million to 60 million years old and the Dominican Republic, Austria, Canada, China, Czech Republic, Dominican Republic, Germany, Japan, Mexico, Spain, Sweeden, Ukraine, United States


Amber is the fossil resin from a pine tree that flourished in the Baltic region some 25 to 40 million years ago. Globs of this aromatic sap poured down from prehistoric trees, often trapping insects, twigs, bark and leaves. Amber is one of the few gemstones of organic origin. It emits a sunny and bright energy capable of calming nerves and enlivening the disposition. It stimulates the intellect and helps with making choices. The ancient Greeks saw amber as hardened tears or rays of sunset. In ancient India and Egypt, amber was burned as an incense, believed to purify the surrounding area.

Amber is often confused with
Reconstructed Amber