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Various faceted garnets

Color:
Garnets will occur in many colors including red, purple, orange, yellow, green, brown. In general the colors by name will be pyrope: red, tsavorite:green, spessartite:orange, almandite:brownish/red. Blue is extremely rare. I've only seen it in color changing varieties.....twice.

Durability:
Extremely durable!

Locations:
Garnets are found world wide, but some varieties are unique to one area only. Tsavorite, for example is found only in the Tsavo Area of Kenya.

Garnet Group

Almandite
Andradite
Grossular
Pyrope
Rhodolite
Spessartite
Uvarovite

This gemstone is often confused with:

Peridot
Emerald
Tourmaline
Glass
Plastic


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Garnet Family

Garnet is a group of minerals, with similar chemical composition and a common crystal habit. The following are the 6 members of the garnet family:

Name Chemistry Colors and Varietal Names
Almandine Iron Aluminum Silicate deep wine red
Pyrope Magnesium Aluminum Silicate deep dead red
Grossular Calcium Aluminum Silicate Rosolite=pale orangish pink; Tsavorite=electric green; Transvaal Jade=massive green
Spessartite Manganese Aluminum Silicate orange red or brownish
Andradite Calcium Iron Silicate Demantoid=green; Melanite=black
Uvarovite Calcium Chromium Silicate green

When the chemical compositions of almandine and pyrope overlap, Malaya (orange-red) and Rhodolite (violet red) garnets are produced. The rarest color for a garnet to occur in is blue. I personally have only seen blue tones in color changing varieties.

. Garnet promotes honor, courage and nobility.